eFRAME

Glossary

We have compiled a comprehensive glossary to help people without a technical knowledge of picture framing understand some of the terms and phrases used in the industry.

Height and Width

If the frame is to be hung portrait (more tall than wide) then the height is the longest length. If the frame is to be hung landscape (more wide than tall), then the height is the shortest length

Image Size

The measurements of artwork that are to be visible within the frame and mount, including borders, if these are to show. Image size is not always obvious and can be a matter of taste, eg a customer may want a tiny image framed surrounded by a large expanse of paper. Sometimes referred to as window size, since it is the size to which the window aperture is to be cut.

Rebate Width

This is the space at the back of the frame into which the glass, back and/or mount fits. Frames are made so that the rebate size is a few mm larger than the size specified when ordering. If we didn't do this then the glass, back, mount or, indeed, artwork wouldn't fit comfortably.

Rebate Depth

The inside distance between the back of the frame and the lip onto which the glazing sits.

Acid

Acid attacks cellulose fibres by shortening them, causing paper to discolour, become brittle and eventually turn to dust. Exposure to light and damp accelerate this process. Acid is generated by the lignin (tree sap) in paper. It can also be introduced by chemicals used in paper manufacture, framing materials and atmospheric pollution. All picture and photo mount card sold by eframe is acid-free.

Mat, Matting, Mattboard

The US term for mountboard.

Obeche

A fine grained hardwood commonly used to make picture frame mouldings. Obeche is soft and is relatively cheap. It is ideal for painted finishes, though basecoats are needed as the surface is highly absorbent.

Ultra-violet (UV) light

The invisible light at the violet end of the spectrum that causes paper to deteriorate and discolour, as well as fading some colour pigments. UV light is a major threat to the longevity of works on paper.

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